(C) 29.美國教育哲學家謝富樂(I. Scheffler)將教學區分為三種哲學模式,下列何者為非?
       (A)規則(rule)模式         (B)領悟(insight)模式
       (C)反思(reflection)模式   (D)銘印(impression)模式。

[SOL] 英文引自:Reason and teaching  作者:Israel Scheffler 中譯自翻僅供參考

(一) The impression model

The simplest & most wide-spread of the three,picturing the mind essentially as sifting & storing the external impressions to which it is receptive.

在描述經過內心本質篩選和貯藏外界印象的三者之中,銘印模式是最簡易且最廣泛延續與接受。


(二) The insight model  

Represents a radically different approach.
Denies the very possibility of such conveyance.

代表著極端困難達到。否認表達的可能性。

(三) The rule model     

The shortcoming of the insight model just discussed is remedied in the rule model.
Clearly emphasizes the role of principles in the exercise of cognitive judgment.

領悟模式的缺點在只是討論,而規則模式則以補強之。
規則模式清楚強調在認知評斷應用的原理規則。

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